National parks and nature reserves of Israel preserve variety of Israeli nature and its historical artifacts. The are many of them on the territory of Israel and we listed some of them below.
Ein Gedi Nature Reserve
Strangely enough, things have been always humming around this the lowest and the most salty piece of water in the world. You can see it for yourself and visit oasis Ein Gedi. Gross vegetation and crystal waterfalls are located side by side with stark landscape of the cliffs. Four springs flow in the nature reserve Ein Gedi: David, Agurot, Shulamit and Ein Gedi. The reserve is wealthy in its flora and fauna which present a contrast to the desert which surrounds the oasis. Nature reserve Ein Gedi is home to Nubian ibices, wolves, red foxes, Blanford's foxes, striped hyenas as well as leopards listed in Red Book. Medicinal plants growing in Ein Gedi are known from ancient times.
National Park Qumran
Qumran, the site where the Dead Sea Scrolls (Qumran Caves Scrolls) were found (and this is the most important archaeological finding of mankind), is located at the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea. The excavations of central complex of Qumran community (water system and the caves where the famous Scrolls were hidden) are presented in the archeological park. The importance of the Dead Sea Scrolls is not only in the authentication of the Old Testament texts, but in perception of the origin of many Christian ideas and texts (Apocalypse of John) as well as in the miraculous prophesy of the Essenes that the Temple and Jerusalem to be destroyed and that the Scrolls to be found 2000 years later when new Jewish state to appear on this land again.
Rosh HaNikra grottoes
Rosh HaNikra grottoes are a geologic formation on the north of Israel, on the border with Lebanon. The grottoes are solutional caves formed as result of corrosion of Rosh HaNikra cliff by sea water. In order to make tourists access to the grottoes easier 400 meters long gallery (giving excellent view on the whole Northern coast of Israel) was dug through the cliff. Rosh HaNikra grottoes also have cable car service in order to assist descent for the cliff to the tunnels.
Canyon Mitzpe Ramon
Ramon Crater is the largest one in its own way, it is one of five craters of the Negev desert, a unique natural phenomenon. It is supposed the crater was formed as the result of erosion of inner soft layers of ground under upper layers of firm ground. It used to be a mountain in the center of the crater, and it does not exist anymore. The crater is 40 km long with maximum width of 9 km and depth of 400 m. Mitzpe Ramon town is located on the crater’s edge.
National park Ein Avdat
Avdat town was a central station on the Nabataean trade route from Petra to port of Gaza. The excavations of Acropolis are located 655 meters above sea level and this point offers breathtaking view on surroundings from 80 meters above the land. There is a national park and a touristic center for visitors. There are relicts of residential community, churches, military camp, baths and pools, wine press and agricultural terraces. UNESCO recognizes National park Ein Avdat as a Heritage Site since 2005.
Tzippori National Park
Tzippori, one of the best national archeological parks, is located in 6 km from Nazareth. You can explore here the remains of a giant Roman theater, funeral caves and ruins of Crusader fortress as well as famous mosaic known as “Mona Lisa of the Galilee”. Giant water system built in 1st century CE astonishes by its size and engineering art.
Caesarea National Park
Caesarea is the residence of the Roman procurators. When you come there you will see that the city corresponded to all the requirements of ambitious Herod the Great. The remains of palace and hippodrome, Roman baths and port and, of course, Roman theatre, the pearl of Caesarea National Park, where concerts and operatic performance are held nowadays. A stone block mentioning the name "Pontius Pilatus" was found during excavations in Caesarea. Crusaders also did not overlook this port city. It is considered they kept famous the Holy Grail and moved it to Europe exactly from here.
Tel Dan Nature Reserve
Tel Dan Nature Reserve is one of the most beautiful reserves in Israel and Dan river, the most water-abundant river of Israel, flows through it. The nature of the reserve is very scenic: high trees, shady walks, many pieces of water and backwaters, flowery bushes and meadows. There are many walking routes passing by the ancient remains of Leash (a Canaan city), three arches Canaan gates and old windmills. A citation (one-of-a-kind besides text of the Bible) of King David was found in Leash city. There is Museum of Archeology, flora and fauna (located in Oshishkin house) close to Tel Dan Nature Reserve.
Beit She'an National Park
Beit She'an is one of the oldest cities. In Hellenistic and Roman period the city was called Scythopolis. In the Roman period the city prospered and was one of the leading cities of the Decapolis, ten main cities of Eastern part of Mediterranean sea. The city was completely destroyed in the earthquake in 7th century CE. One of the biggest archeological sites is located in Beit She'an nowadays. There are remains of amphitheater, baths, horse stable and ruins of Byzantine church.
Megiddo National Park
Armageddon is giant fortress and city built by King Solomon (this is mentioned in the Bible: 1 Samuel 9:15). Armageddon is known in Hebrew as Megiddo. Megiddo is mentioned as the site of the “final battle” in the Book of Revelation. One can visit excavations of Solomon horse stables and fortress as well as the excavations of 26 levels of the civilization.
Achziv National Park
Achziv was an important Phoenician port and walled town on the way from Akko to Antioch. There was a town of prosperous Jewish community in the times of the Second Temple. Later a Byzantine walled town was located on the same site. Much later there was a Crusader fortress. It is considered Achziv National Park offers one of the best beaches on the Northern coast of Israel, at the very border with Lebanon.